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The 7 most important tourist places you must visit in Istanbul

The city of Istanbul is that the center of the important world, whether it’s economic, geographical or touristic. The town of Istanbul is found within the middle of the planet between the 2 continents of Europe and Asia, separated by the magnificent Bosphorus Gulf, and connects the 2 continents with some famous Bosphorus Bridge, which paints an exquisite painting of the historical city of Istanbul, and within the historical city there are many Archaeological and cultural landmarks like the Sultan Ahmed Mosque and therefore the Historical Hagia Sophia Museum, Istanbul is characterized by the range of its cultural attractions. Where you discover Islamic and Christian monuments, similarly as some Greek monuments that characterize town, additionally to the towers and malls that are spread within the center of the wonderful city, and that we will list within the following the 7 most vital tourist places that you just must visit after you visit Istanbul and you’ll be able to hire a driver in Istanbul and Trabzon to assist you On making these trips:

Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque):

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Turkish: Sultanahmet Camii) may be a historical mosque in Istanbul, the biggest city in Turkey and also the capital of the empire (from 1453 to 1923). The mosque is understood because the Blue Mosque in regard to the
The blue tiles that adorn its walls, where the walls of the mosque cover 21043 ceramic tiles that combine over fifty designs, and therefore the painted decorations occupy every a part of the mosque, and their blue color gave the atmosphere of the mosque from the within a robust sense of the dominance of this color. The mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 during the rule of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I, and like many other mosques, the mosque includes a tomb for Sultan Ahmed, a college for religious education and a hospital for the elderly, the disabled, and others. Prayers are still performed within the mosque, and it’s one among the foremost important attractions that attract tourists to Turkey.

The Sultan Mosque is taken into account the foremost important is that the main landmark within the historical city, because it is that the most significant characteristic of it. For non-Muslims, it’s only open within the morning, and only parts of it are available for visiting outside of prayer times.

Hagia Sophia Museum (Hagia Sophia):

Hagia Sophia could be a former cathedral, a former mosque and now a museum located in Istanbul, Turkey. It’s one in all the foremost prominent samples of style of architecture and Ottoman decoration. Emperor Justinian began building this church in 532 AD, and it took about five years to create, when it had been officially inaugurated in 537 AD. To the south, the nice dome is found above the middle of the building and rises from the bottom between 60 and 55 meters, that is, it’s more than the dome of the Pantheon, and its diameters are 87 and 30 meters between east and west, and 87
And 31 meters between the south and also the north, and covers a floor area similar to 700 square meters with sides 70-100 meters. While basalt and granite were employed in the development of the inspiration walls or walls, the central dome rests on four huge, circular granite columns about 3 meters in diameter and high. The mosque has one large door receptive the west, and it doesn’t lead on to the inner courtyard of the mosque. Rather, the person passes through an oblong courtyard before entering the mosque.

At the tip of this rectangular courtyard from the north, there’s a door that results in the inner staircase resulting in the upper floor. it’s a singular staircase located inside the building, because it doesn’t include ascending steps, but could be a wide spiral staircase that lifts one up in a very simple and gradual way that depends on walking. In spiral corridors, the ground takes the shape of a flat ground floor. From inside the Hagia Sophia, one sees the glass windows within the wall facing the qiblah. This historical building is characterized by the phenomenon of the upper floor. The Ottomans followed this constructional style in most mosques and mosques that were built after the conquest of Istanbul to the present day. This floor or something sort of a balcony surrounds the edges, aside from the side, where the mihrab is. The photographs of Jesus and Mary, peace be upon them, still occupy their place within the belly of the dome and also the upper inner walls of the mosque to the present day without change or removal. The dome of the Hagia Sophia is incredibly beautiful and was considered a development at the time, because it was an enormous dome that had never been seen before, and perceived to be suspended within the air. This was quite natural, because the Byzantine engineer had the power and vast ancient experience and knowledge to create what’s remarkable and new.

Topkapi Museum (Islamic Museum):

The Topkapı Palace (Ottoman Turkish: Topkapı Sarayi) could be a large palace in Istanbul, Turkey, that was the residence of the sultans of the Turkish Empire for nearly 400 years (1465-1856). Sultan Mehmed II ordered the development of the palace in 1459 AD and also the construction was completed in 1456 AD. The palace is found in Istanbul between the Golden Horn and also the Sea of ​​Marmara. within the early Ottoman eras, it had been called “Diwan Humayun”, meaning the royal court, and it had been headed by the Ottoman Sultan himself.
When the conquests of the Turkish Empire expanded and its lands expanded in Asia and Europe, the amount of ministers and princes in Humayun’s Diwan increased in keeping with the various duties placed on the shoulders of the Ottoman State and in step with its internal and external responsibilities. High Gate” and assigning his presidency to the very best rank and most vital of his ministers, who is that the Grand Vizier.

The palace has been converted into a museum and may be a great example of Ottoman architecture and contains an oversized collection of porcelain, robes, weapons, portraits of the Ottoman sultans, manuscripts, jewelry and Ottoman treasures, additionally to the sultans’ thrones. Within the palace there’s a space of the sacred trusts that were transferred from Egypt when it had been opened, and there are traces of the Messenger Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, his sword, stick, molar, a part of his hair and one in all his speeches.
In addition to the swords of the Companions and also the keys of the Kaaba.

The Ottoman Covered Market (Grand Bazaar):

The covered market or because it is termed the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul (the European side) is taken into account one amongst the oldest, largest, most luxurious and most famous markets within the world. the quantity of its internal streets is 60, and its stores are diverse and diverse, and their number is 5 Thousands of stores and a part of ​​47,600 square meters, and surprisingly, it had been within the past an old maze! The market has six main gates: Bab Bayezid, Bab Al-Souq, Bab Mahmoud Pasha, Bab Al-Munajjideen, Bab Nur Osmaniye and Bab Orgo. The covered market was inbuilt 1455 AD within the center of Istanbul by order of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, shortly after the conquest of Constantinople. An earthquake hit it, but the aim of its construction was to determine a marketplace for transporting goods between the states of the empire towards the Arab countries. Within the past, the market was a vital forum for merchants coming from different directions, because of its distinguished location within the center of Istanbul. It absolutely was accustomed come to those that came from Hagia Sophia, which is quarter-hour away on foot, or the Blue Mosque, and it had been a crucial center for negotiating trade and for carrying goods and promoting them like carpets and gold. Fabrics, jewellery, and other merchandise.

Egyptian Bazaar (Egyptian market):

The Egyptian Bazaar is that the second largest bazaar in Istanbul after the Grand Bazaar “Büyük Çarşı”, and it’s also remained the most center for spice change Turkey normally and Istanbul particularly for quite two centuries! The development of the market was completed in 1664 AD as a part of the Yeni Camii Mosque, where the most objective of its construction was to supply the required funds for the upkeep of this mosque. At first, the market was called the new bazaar “yeni çarşı”, but later it took the name of the Egyptian bazaar and in Turkish “Mısır Çarşısı” thanks to the import of coffee and spices from India and Southeast Asia to Egypt and from there to Istanbul via the Mediterranean. It’s worth noting that several tourists think that the name of the market is that the corn market because the word Mısır additionally to concerning Egypt, also means the word corn in Turkish! During 1947, the trendy Turkish government made adjustments to that, because the marketplace for a protracted time was specialized in selling spices and herbal medicines. It also added some basic foodstuffs thanks to the economic condition that the country experienced after war II.

Bosphorus Strait:

The Bosphorus could be a strait that connects the sea and also the Sea of ​​Marmara, and it’s considered with the Dardanelles the southern border between Asia and Europe, and its length is 30 km, and its width varies between (550 and 3000 meters), in line with in Hellenic beliefs, the strait meant the passage of the cow. The waters of the Bosphorus are classified within the sector of international navigation, and also the movement of ships within the strait is one in every of the foremost details of maritime navigation within the world, because the number of ships passing through the strait in 2003 reached about 47,000 ships, including quite 8000 ships carrying dangerous materials (liquefied gas, petroleum … etc.). In 2004, the amount of ships passing through the strait increased, and their number reached over 53,000 ships. The strait penetrates dangerous water currents, and also the narrowness of the strait in some areas makes navigation difficult, and there are many serious accidents, including the collision of two oil-laden ships on March 13, 1994, which led to the death of 25 sailors, and on July 15, 2005, a Panamanian ship sank within the strait in ambiguous circumstances.

Ortakoy Mosque:

The mosque is found on the banks of the Bosphorus Strait and is named the Majidi Mosque. it had been built by Sultan Abdul Majeed in 1854 AD and took the character of Baroque architecture. The walls of the mosque are curved inward. Reinforcement beams were built for them to extend its durability. The mosque was also illuminated by high and wide windows. The mosque has two square minarets on both ends of the forum The Sultan, who are both thin and delightful. The mosque itself is found within the beautiful Ortakoy area overlooking the Bosphorus Strait and therefore the Bosphorus Bridge. You’ll be able to spend a beautiful evening during this area and eat some delicious Turkish food that characterizes the world.

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