7 Most Important Tourist Places In Turkey
The city of Istanbul is that the center of the important world, whether it’s economic, geographical or touristic. The town of Istanbul is found within the middle of the planet between the 2 continents of Europe and Asia, separated by the magnificent Bosphorus Gulf, and connects the 2 continents with some famous Bosphorus Bridge, which paints an exquisite painting of the historical city of Istanbul, and within the historical city there are many Bosphorus Bridge and cultural landmarks like the Sultan Ahmed Mosque and also the Historical Hagia Sophia Museum, Istanbul is characterized by the range of its cultural attractions. Where you discover Islamic and Christian monuments, moreover as some Greek monuments that characterize the town, additionally to the towers and malls that are spread within the center of the wonderful city, and that we will list within the following the 7 most significant tourist places that you just must visit once you visit Istanbul and you’ll hire a driver in Istanbul and Trabzon to assist you On making these trips:
Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque ):
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Turkish: Sultanahmet Camii) may be a historical mosque in Istanbul, the biggest city in Turkey and therefore the capital of the Turkish Empire (from 1453 to 1923). The mosque is thought because the Blue Mosque in regard to the blue tiles that adorn its walls, where the walls of the mosque cover 21043 ceramic tiles that combine over fifty designs, and also the painted decorations occupy every a part of the mosque, and their blue color gave the atmosphere of the mosque from the within a powerful sense of the dominance of this color. The mosque was built between 1609 and 1616 during the rule of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I, and like many other mosques, the mosque includes a tomb for Sultan Ahmed, a faculty for religious education and a hospital for the elderly, the disabled, and others. Prayers are still performed within the mosque, and it’s one in all the foremost important attractions that attract tourists to Turkey.
The Sultan Mosque is taken into account the foremost important is that the main landmark within the historical city. It’s the foremost important feature that distinguishes it. As we mentioned above, this mosque is one in every of the foremost important historical areas in Europe as a full, not only thanks to its ancient history, but also due to its wonderful design and exquisite shape. The Blue Mosque is open for prayer and visits for Muslims at any time. For non-Muslims, it’s only open within the morning, and only parts of it are available for visiting outside of prayer times.
Hagia Sophia Museum (Hagia Sophia):
Hagia Sophia could be a former cathedral, a former mosque and now a museum located in Istanbul, Turkey. It’s one amongst the foremost prominent samples of architectural style and Ottoman decoration. Emperor Justinian began building this church in 532 AD, and it took about five years to make, when it absolutely was officially opened in 537 AD. To the south, the good dome is found above the middle of the building and rises from the bottom between 60 and 55 meters, that is, it’s on top of the dome of the Pantheon, and its diameters are 87 and 30 meters between east and west, and 87And 31 meters between the south and also the north, and covers a floor area adore 700 square meters with sides 70-100 meters. While basalt and granite were employed in the development of the inspiration walls or walls, the central dome rests on four huge, circular granite columns about 3 meters in diameter and high. The mosque has one large door hospitable the west, and it doesn’t lead on to the inner courtyard of the mosque. Rather, the person passes through an oblong courtyard before entering the mosque.
At the tip of this rectangular courtyard from the north, there’s a door that results in the interior staircase resulting in the upper floor. It’s a singular staircase located inside the building, because it doesn’t include ascending steps, but could be a wide spiral staircase that lifts one up in an exceedingly simple and gradual way that depends on walking. In spiral corridors, the ground takes the shape of a flat ground floor. From inside the Hagia Sophia, one sees the glass windows within the wall facing the qiblah. This historical building is characterized by the phenomenon of the upper floor. The Ottomans followed this constructional style in most mosques and mosques that were built after the conquest of Istanbul to the present day. This floor or something sort of a balcony surrounds the perimeters, aside from the side, where the mihrab is. The photographs of Jesus and Mary, peace be upon them, still occupy their place within the belly of the dome and therefore the upper inner walls of the mosque to the current day without change or removal. The dome of the Hagia Sophia is extremely beautiful and was considered a development at the time, because it was an enormous dome that had never been seen before, and perceived to be suspended within the air. This was quite natural, because the Byzantine engineer had the flexibility and vast ancient experience and knowledge to create what’s remarkable and new.
Topkapi Museum (Islamic Museum):
The Topkapı Palace (Ottoman Turkish: Topkapı Sarayi) could be a large palace in Istanbul, Turkey, that was the residence of the sultans of the empire for nearly 400 years (1465-1856). Sultan Mehmed II ordered the development of the palace in 1459 AD and also the construction was completed in 1456 AD. The palace is found in Istanbul between the Golden Horn and also the Sea of Marmara. With in the early Ottoman eras, it had been called “Diwan Humayun,” meaning the royal court, and it absolutely was headed by the Ottoman Sultan himself. When the conquests of the empire expanded and its lands expanded in Asia and Europe, the quantity of ministers and princes in Humayun’s Diwan increased in line with the various duties placed on the shoulders of the Ottoman State and per its internal and external responsibilities. The High Gate, and he assigned his presidency to the best rank and most vital of his ministers, who is that the Grand Vizier.
The palace has been converted into a museum and could be a great example of Ottoman architecture and contains an oversized collection of porcelain, robes, weapons, portraits of the Ottoman sultans, manuscripts, jewelry and Ottoman treasures, additionally to the sultans’ thrones. Within the palace there’s a space of the sacred secretariats that were transferred from Egypt when it had been opened, and there are traces of the Messenger Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, his sword, stick, molar, a part of his hair and one in all his speeches, additionally to the swords of the Companions and therefore the keys of the Kaaba.
The covered market (Grand Bazaar):
The covered market or because it is named the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul (the European side) is taken into account one among the oldest, largest, most luxurious and most famous markets within the world. The quantity of its internal streets is 60, and its stores are diverse and diverse, and their number is 5Thousands of stores and a section of 47,600 square meters, and surprisingly, it absolutely was within the past an old maze! The market has six main gates: Bab Bayezid, Bab Al-Souq, Bab Mahmoud Pasha, Bab Al-Munajjideen, Bab Nur Osmaniye and Bab Orgo. The covered market was in-built 1455 AD within the center of Istanbul by order of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, shortly after the conquest of Constantinople. An earthquake hit it, but the aim of its construction was to ascertain a marketplace for transporting goods between the states of the Turkish Empire towards the Arab countries.
Egyptian market (Egyptian market):
The Egyptian Bazaar is that the second largest bazaar in Istanbul after the Grand Bazaar “Büyük Çarşı”, and it’s also remained the most center for spice exchange Turkey normally and Istanbul particularly for quite two centuries! The development of the market was completed in 1664 AD as a part of the Yeni Camii Mosque, where the most objective of its construction was to supply the mandatory funds for the upkeep of this mosque. At first, the market was called the new bazaar “yeni çarşı”, but later it took the name of the Egyptian bazaar and in Turkish “Mısır Çarşısı” because of the import of coffee and spices from India and geographic area to Egypt and from there to Istanbul via the Mediterranean. It’s worth noting that a lot of tourists think that the name of the market is that the corn market because the word Mısır additionally to touching on Egypt, also means the word corn in Turkish!
The Bosphorus may be a strait that connects the Black Sea and therefore the Sea of Marmara, and it’s considered with the Dardanelles the southern border between Asia and Europe, and its length is 30 km, and its width varies between (550 and 3000 meters), according to in Greek beliefs, the strait meant the passage of the cow. The waters of the Bosphorus are classified within the sphere of international navigation, and also the movement of ships within the strait is one in every of the foremost small print of maritime navigation within the world, because the number of ships passing through the strait in 2003 reached about 47,000 ships, including quite 8000 ships carrying dangerous materials (liquefied gas, petroleum … etc.), within the year 2004, the amount of ships passing through the strait increased, and their number reached quite 53,000 ships. The strait penetrates dangerous water currents, and also the narrowness of the strait in some areas makes navigation difficult, and there are many serious accidents, including the collision of two oil-laden ships on March 13, 1994, which led to the death of 25 sailors, and on July 15, 2005, a Panamanian ship sank within the strait in ambiguous circumstances.
The mosque is found on the banks of the Bosphorus Strait and is termed the Majidi Mosque. It absolutely was built by Sultan Abdul Majeed in 1854 AD and took the character of Baroque architecture. The walls of the mosque are curved inward. Reinforcement beams were built for them to extend its durability. The mosque was also illuminated by high and wide windows. The mosque has two square minarets on both ends of the forum The Sultan, who are both thin and delightful. The mosque itself is found within the beautiful Ortakoy area overlooking the Bosphorus Strait and also the Bosphorus Bridge. You’ll spend an exquisite evening during this area and eat some delicious Turkish food that characterizes the world.